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Role of cytotoxic therapy with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia: update of the 2005 evidence-based review. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2012 Apr;18(4):505-22 PMID: 22209888

Pubmed ID





Clinical research published since the first evidence-based review on the role of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) in the treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is presented and critically evaluated in this update. Treatment recommendations are provided by an expert panel. Allogeneic SCT is recommended for children who: are in second complete remission (CR2) after experiencing an early marrow relapse for precursor-B ALL; experienced primary induction failure, but subsequently achieved a CR1; have T-lineage ALL in CR2; or have ALL in third or greater remission. Although the 2005 pediatric ALL evidence-based review (EBR) recommended allogeneic SCT for children with Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) ALL in CR1, preliminary tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) data demonstrate that early outcomes are comparable for allogeneic SCT and chemotherapy + imatinib. Based on the evidence, autologous SCT is not recommended for ALL in CR1. Allogeneic SCT is not recommended for: T-lineage ALL in CR1; mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)+ ALL when it is the sole adverse risk factor; isolated central nervous system (CNS) relapse in precursor-B ALL. Based on expert opinion, allogeneic SCT may be considered for hypodiploid ALL and persistent minimal residual disease [corrected] (MRD) positivity in ALL in CR1 or greater, although these are areas that need further study. Treatment recommendations pertaining to various transplantation techniques are also provided, as are areas of needed future research.

Author List

Oliansky DM, Camitta B, Gaynon P, Nieder ML, Parsons SK, Pulsipher MA, Dillon H, Ratko TA, Wall D, McCarthy PL Jr, Hahn T, American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation


Bruce M. Camitta MD Clinical Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin


2-s2.0-84858074468   33 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Antineoplastic Agents
Child, Preschool
Combined Modality Therapy
Evidence-Based Medicine
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Remission Induction
Transplantation, Homologous
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-353 9ccd8489072cb19f5b9f808bb23ed672c582f41e