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Effect of HLA-matching recipients to donor noninherited maternal antigens on outcomes after mismatched umbilical cord blood transplantation for hematologic malignancy. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2012 Dec;18(12):1890-6 PMID: 22814031 PMCID: PMC3826155

Pubmed ID



Transplantation-related mortality (TRM) is high after HLA-mismatched umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation (UCBT). In utero, exposure to noninherited maternal antigen (NIMA) is recognized by the fetus, which induces T regulator cells to that haplotype. It is plausible that UCBTs in which recipients are matched to donor NIMAs may alleviate some of the excess mortality associated with this treatment. To explore this concept, we used marginal matched-pair Cox regression analysis to compare outcomes in 48 NIMA-matched UCBTs (ie, the NIMA of the donor UCB unit matched to the patient) and in 116 non-NIMA-matched UCBTs. All patients had a hematologic malignancy and received a single UCB unit. Cases and controls were matched on age, disease, disease status, transplantation-conditioning regimen, HLA match, and infused cell dose. TRM was lower after NIMA-matched UCBTs compared with NIMA-mismatched UCBTs (relative risk, 0.48; P = .05; 18% versus 32% at 5 years posttransplantation). Consequently, overall survival was higher after NIMA-matched UCBT. The 5-year probability of overall survival was 55% after NIMA-matched UCBTs versus 38% after NIMA-mismatched UCBTs (P = .04). When faced with the choice of multiple HLA-mismatched UCB units containing adequate cell doses, selecting an NIMA-matched UCB unit may improve survival after mismatched UCBT.

Author List

Rocha V, Spellman S, Zhang MJ, Ruggeri A, Purtill D, Brady C, Baxter-Lowe LA, Baudoux E, Bergamaschi P, Chow R, Freed B, Koegler G, Kurtzberg J, Larghero J, Lecchi L, Nagler A, Navarrette C, Prasad V, Pouthier F, Price T, Ratanatharathorn V, van Rood JJ, Horowitz MM, Gluckman E, Eapen M, Eurocord-European Blood and Marrow Transplant Group and the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research


Mary Eapen MBBS, DCh, MRCPI, MS Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mei-Jie Zhang PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin


2-s2.0-84869090988   47 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
Fetal Blood
HLA Antigens
Survival Rate
Tissue Donors
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-297 dff1a717c492f00bf6291286365f1f4fe95208f1