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Macrophage migration inhibitory factor in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: clinical and experimental studies. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2013 May;139(5):727-37



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84876297557   20 Citations


PURPOSE: The present in vivo/in vitro study was undertaken in order to evaluate the importance of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in the progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

METHODS: Tumor tissue expression (MIF immunostaining) and plasma levels (ELISA) of MIF were determined in HNSCC patients and correlated with tumor recurrence and metastasis, and overall survival. Furthermore, the impact of MIF expression on cell proliferation and anticancer drug sensitivity was examined in murine squamous carcinoma cell line SCCVII after MIF knockdown (MIF-KD).

RESULTS: As revealed by quantitative analysis of MIF immunostaining, tumor progression was accompanied by an increase in mean optical density (MOD) and labeling index (LI). Likewise, an elevation of MIF serum levels was noted in HNSCC patients (n = 66) versus healthy individuals (n = 16). Interestingly, comparison of laryngeal carcinoma patients on the basis of MIF tissue expression (high expression, LI ≥ 47, versus low expression, LI < 47) disclosed a significant difference between disease-free survival curves for local and nodal recurrence, and overall survival curve. In vitro, MIF knockdown in murine SCCVII cells resulted in reduced cell proliferation and a decrease in cell motility. In mice inoculated with SCCVII cells, MIF-KD tumors grew more slowly and also appeared more sensitive to chemotherapy.

CONCLUSIONS: Both clinical observations and experimental data suggest that MIF plays a pivotal role in the progression of HNSCC.

Author List

Kindt N, Preillon J, Kaltner H, Gabius HJ, Chevalier D, Rodriguez A, Johnson BD, Megalizzi V, Decaestecker C, Laurent G, Saussez S


Bryon D. Johnson PhD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Antineoplastic Agents
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Cell Line, Tumor
Cell Movement
Cell Proliferation
Disease Progression
Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Gene Knockdown Techniques
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Macrophage Migration-Inhibitory Factors
Neoplasm Staging
Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
jenkins-FCD Prod-466 5b81815b8b3d1f46bfec16512ed5f574613f59c5