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Demographic and clinical characteristics of cutaneous lupus erythematosus at a paediatric dermatology referral centre. Br J Dermatol 2013 Aug;169(2):428-33 PMID: 23601021 PMCID: PMC4764050

Pubmed ID

23601021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Paediatric cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is uncommon and inadequately described in the literature. Similar to adults, children with CLE develop LE-specific and/or LE-nonspecific skin findings. Similarities and differences in demographics and clinical course between paediatric and adult CLE have not been sufficiently described.

OBJECTIVES: To detail the demographic and clinical features of paediatric CLE and compare these findings with those reported in the adult literature.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 53 children seen in a paediatric dermatology clinic with cutaneous manifestations of LE.

RESULTS: Patients presented with all five major subtypes of CLE, with some notable differences from adult CLE and previously published reports of paediatric CLE. Progression from discoid LE to systemic LE (SLE) did not occur in our cohort. Patients with subacute CLE were more likely than adults to have lesions below the waist as well as concomitant SLE. Sex distribution for CLE in our study was equal prior to puberty and female predominant in post-pubertal patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Children with CLE have variable clinical presentations and progression to SLE that may be different from adult disease. Specifically, children with acute and subacute CLE may be more likely than adults to have systemic disease; therefore, patients with these subtypes should be monitored closely for evidence of SLE. Study limitations included small patient numbers that may limit the ability to generalize these data and relatively short follow-up intervals.

Author List

Dickey BZ, Holland KE, Drolet BA, Galbraith SS, Lyon VB, Siegel DH, Chiu YE

Authors

Yvonne E. Chiu MD Associate Professor in the Dermatology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Beth A. Drolet MD Professor in the Dermatology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Kristen E. Holland MD Associate Professor in the Dermatology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Dawn Siegel MD Associate Professor in the Dermatology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84881585571   14 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Adolescent
Age of Onset
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous
Male
Retrospective Studies
Sex Distribution
Wisconsin
jenkins-FCD Prod-297 dff1a717c492f00bf6291286365f1f4fe95208f1