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Evaluation of nuclear factor κB and chemokine receptor CXCR4 co-expression in patients with prostate cancer in the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 8610. BJU Int 2011 Jul;108(2 Pt 2):E51-8 PMID: 21156016 PMCID: PMC3062644

Pubmed ID





OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of nuclear factor κB (NFκB) and the chemokine receptor CXCR4 co-expression in prostate cancer specimens from men with locally advanced disease.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Paraffin-embedded samples from patients enrolled on the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 8610 trial underwent immunohistochemical staining for NFκB and CXCR4. The amount of NFκB and CXCR4 was scored by a 'blinded' pathologist for the percentage of cells stained (0-100%) and staining intensity (0-3 +). Cox proportional hazard models were used for overall survival and disease-free survival to examine if NFκB and/or CXCR4 expression were associated with patient outcomes with and without adjustment for covariates.

RESULTS: Available material and successful staining allowed NFκB and CXCR4 status to be determined for 55 and 63 patients, respectively. Both NFκB and CXCR4 status were available for 51 patients. Of these, 53% were 2/3 + for cytoplasmic NFκB staining and 56% were 2/3 + for CXCR4. In all, 18 of the 51 patients were 2/3 + for both NFκB and CXCR4 (P = 0.129). Ten of 11 patients with 3 + NFκB had 2/3 + CXCR4 (P= 0.004). In this small study, neither NFκB nor CXCR4 were associated with prostate cancer outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: High NFκB expression is associated with CXCR4 expression and they are co-expressed in about one third of patients with clinically localized prostate cancer. Larger studies to accurately determine the frequency of co-expression and prognostic utility of NFκB and CXCR4 alone and in combination are warranted.

Author List

Okera M, Bae K, Bernstein E, Cheng L, Lawton C, Wolkov H, Pollack A, Dicker A, Sandler H, Sweeney CJ


Colleen A. Lawton MD Vice Chair, Professor in the Radiation Oncology department at Medical College of Wisconsin


2-s2.0-79960107662   12 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Aged, 80 and over
Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
NF-kappa B
Prostatic Neoplasms
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Receptors, CXCR4
Retrospective Studies
jenkins-FCD Prod-353 9ccd8489072cb19f5b9f808bb23ed672c582f41e