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Congenital Volkmann ischaemic contracture: a case report and review. Br J Dermatol 2004 Feb;150(2):357-63 PMID: 14996111

Pubmed ID



Congenital Volkmann ischaemic contracture or neonatal compartment syndrome has rarely been discussed in the literature of dermatology. The condition often involves the upper extremity with cutaneous lesions, contractures and neuropathy. Because the lesions can be mistaken for other entities including necrotizing fasciitis, neonatal gangrene, congenital varicella, aplasia cutis congenita, amniotic band syndrome, subcutaneous fat necrosis and epidermolysis bullosa, dermatologists play a significant role in the diagnosis and, consequently, the treatment of the patient. We describe a premature newborn who had a unilateral, well-demarcated necrotic plaque with a central pallor at birth. The plaque extended circumferentially over the left forearm from the wrist to the elbow. Left wrist oedema, bullae over the fingers and flaccid paralysis at the wrist were also noted.

Author List

Cham PM, Drolet BA, Segura AD, Esterly NB


Beth A. Drolet MD Professor in the Dermatology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Annette D. Segura MD Assistant Professor in the Pathology department at Medical College of Wisconsin


2-s2.0-1542716641   25 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Compartment Syndromes
Diagnosis, Differential
Infant, Newborn
jenkins-FCD Prod-296 4db9d02597e0a2e889e230f853b641c12f1c3ee3