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Autologous haematopoietic cell transplantation for non-Hodgkin lymphoma with secondary CNS involvement. Br J Haematol 2013 Sep;162(5):648-56 PMID: 23829536 PMCID: PMC3766698

Pubmed ID

23829536

DOI

10.1111/bjh.12451

Abstract

Pre-existing central nervous system (CNS) involvement may influence referral for autologous haematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The outcomes of 151 adult patients with NHL with prior secondary CNS involvement (CNS(+) ) receiving an AHCT were compared to 4688 patients without prior CNS lymphoma (CNS(-) ). There were significant baseline differences between the cohorts. CNS(+) patients were more likely to be younger, have lower performance scores, higher age-adjusted international prognostic index scores, more advanced disease stage at diagnosis, more aggressive histology, more sites of extranodal disease, and a shorter interval between diagnosis and AHCT. However, no statistically significant differences were identified between the two groups by analysis of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) at 5 years. A matched pair comparison of the CNS(+) group with a subset of CNS(-) patients matched on propensity score also showed no differences in outcomes. Patients with active CNS lymphoma at the time of AHCT (n = 55) had a higher relapse rate and diminished PFS and OS compared with patients whose CNS lymphoma was in remission (n = 96) at the time of AHCT. CNS(+) patients can achieve excellent long-term outcomes with AHCT. Active CNS lymphoma at transplant confers a worse prognosis.

Author List

Maziarz RT, Wang Z, Zhang MJ, Bolwell BJ, Chen AI, Fenske TS, Freytes CO, Gale RP, Gibson J, Hayes-Lattin BM, Holmberg L, Inwards DJ, Isola LM, Khoury HJ, Lewis VA, Maharaj D, Munker R, Phillips GL, Rizzieri DA, Rowlings PA, Saber W, Satwani P, Waller EK, Maloney DG, Montoto S, Laport GG, Vose JM, Lazarus HM, Hari PN

Authors

Timothy Fenske MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Parameswaran Hari MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Wael Saber MD, MS Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mei-Jie Zhang PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84881661687   13 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Female
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Karnofsky Performance Status
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Staging
Prognosis
Survival Analysis
Transplantation Conditioning
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-332 f92a19b0ec5e8e1eff783fac390ec127e367c2b5