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Upper extremity wheelchair kinematics in children with spinal cord injury. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2011;2011:8158-61 PMID: 22256235

Pubmed ID





Current methods for the evaluation of upper extremity dynamics during wheelchair mobility in children are limited. The goal of this study was to characterize upper extremity joint kinematics during wheelchair mobility. A 3-D biomechanical model of the upper extremities is presented for kinematic assessment of manual wheelchair propulsion in children with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). The bilateral upper extremity model consists of the thorax, upper arms, forearms, and hands. The model was applied to thirteen (13) children with SCI. Joint angles and joint ranges of motion of the shoulders, elbows, and wrists were quantified. Peak joint motions during the stroke cycle were compared between right and left sides for further insight to mobility patterns. This work will provide insight to be used in future kinetic studies of wheelchair mobility.

Author List

Slavens BA, Graf A, Krzak J, Vogel L, Harris GF


Gerald Harris PhD Director in the Orthopaedic Research Engineering Center (OREC) department at Marquette University
Brooke Slavens BS,MS,PhD Assistant Professor in the Occupational Science & Technology department at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee



MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Biomechanical Phenomena
Elbow Joint
Models, Biological
Range of Motion, Articular
Shoulder Joint
Spinal Cord Injuries
Upper Extremity
Wrist Joint
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-331 a335b1a6d1e9c32173c9534e6f6ff51494143916