Medical College of Wisconsin
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Cigarette smoking, physical activity, and alcohol consumption: relationship to blood lipids and lipoproteins in premenopausal females. Metabolism 1984 Jul;33(7):585-90 PMID: 6738359

Pubmed ID

6738359

Abstract

A total of 164 premenopausal female subjects were randomly selected for evaluation from a much larger pool of volunteers. The relationships between blood lipid and lipoprotein levels as dependent variables and cigarette smoking, physical activity, and alcohol consumption were determined from partial regression coefficients. A lower HDL-C level (10.1 mg/dL) was seen in smokers v nonsmokers. For each ounce of alcohol consumed, HDL-C level was higher by 2.8 mg/dL, and greater physical activity was associated with a higher HDL-C level of 8.6 mg/dL. An analysis of covariance with covariance adjustments for age and body fat revealed that smokers who regularly exercise or consume alcohol had significantly lower HDL-C levels than nonsmokers with similar habits. Subjects who both exercise and consume alcohol demonstrated higher HDL-C levels than those who indulge in one or the other separately. Results suggest that cigarette smoking may attenuate the effects of chronic exercise or alcohol consumption, or of both, to raise HDL-C levels. Also, chronic exercise and alcohol consumption may exert an additive effect, raising HDL-C level.

Author List

Stamford BA, Matter S, Fell RD, Sady S, Cresanta MK, Papanek P

Author

Paula Papanek PhD, MPT, LAT, FACSM Associate Professor & Director of Exercise Science in the Exercise Science & Physical Therapy department at Marquette University




Scopus

2-s2.0-0021173652   36 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking
Female
Humans
Lipids
Lipoproteins
Menopause
Physical Exertion
Physical Fitness
Smoking
jenkins-FCD Prod-310 bff9d975ec7f2d302586822146c2801dd4449aad