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A computational model of skeletal muscle metabolism linking cellular adaptations induced by altered loading states to metabolic responses during exercise. Biomed Eng Online 2007 Apr 20;6:14

Date

04/24/2007

Pubmed ID

17448235

Pubmed Central ID

PMC1868741

DOI

10.1186/1475-925X-6-14

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-34249062728   21 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The alterations in skeletal muscle structure and function after prolonged periods of unloading are initiated by the chronic lack of mechanical stimulus of sufficient intensity, which is the result of a series of biochemical and metabolic interactions spanning from cellular to tissue/organ level. Reduced activation of skeletal muscle alters the gene expression of myosin heavy chain isoforms to meet the functional demands of reduced mechanical load, which results in muscle atrophy and reduced capacity to process fatty acids. In contrast, chronic loading results in the opposite pattern of adaptations.

METHODS: To quantify interactions among cellular and skeletal muscle metabolic adaptations, and to predict metabolic responses to exercise after periods of altered loading states, we develop a computational model of skeletal muscle metabolism. The governing model equations - with parameters characterizing chronic loading/unloading states- were solved numerically to simulate metabolic responses to moderate intensity exercise (WR < or = 40% VO2 max).

RESULTS: Model simulations showed that carbohydrate oxidation was 8.5% greater in chronically unloaded muscle compared with the loaded muscle (0.69 vs. 0.63 mmol/min), while fat oxidation was 7% higher in chronically loaded muscle (0.14 vs. 0.13 mmol/min), during exercise. Muscle oxygen uptake (VO2) and blood flow (Q) response times were 29% and 44% shorter in chronically loaded muscle (0.4 vs. 0.56 min for VO2 and 0.25 vs. 0.45 min for Q).

CONCLUSION: The present model can be applied to test complex hypotheses during exercise involving the integration and control of metabolic processes at various organizational levels (cellular to tissue) in individuals who have undergone periods of chronic loading or unloading.

Author List

Dash RK, Dibella JA 2nd, Cabrera ME

Author

Ranjan K. Dash PhD Professor in the Biomedical Engineering department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Computer Simulation
Exercise
Humans
Kinetics
Metabolism
Models, Biological
Models, Statistical
Models, Theoretical
Muscle, Skeletal
Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena
Myosins
Oxygen
Protein Isoforms
Stress, Mechanical
jenkins-FCD Prod-398 336d56a365602aa89dcc112f077233607d6a5abc