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Characterizing Functional Connectivity Differences in Aging Adults using Machine Learning on Resting State fMRI Data. Front Comput Neurosci 2013;7:38

Date

05/01/2013

Pubmed ID

23630491

Pubmed Central ID

PMC3635030

DOI

10.3389/fncom.2013.00038

Abstract

The brain at rest consists of spatially distributed but functionally connected regions, called intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs). Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) has emerged as a way to characterize brain networks without confounds associated with task fMRI such as task difficulty and performance. Here we applied a Support Vector Machine (SVM) linear classifier as well as a support vector machine regressor to rs-fMRI data in order to compare age-related differences in four of the major functional brain networks: the default, cingulo-opercular, fronto-parietal, and sensorimotor. A linear SVM classifier discriminated between young and old subjects with 84% accuracy (p-value < 1 × 10(-7)). A linear SVR age predictor performed reasonably well in continuous age prediction (R (2) = 0.419, p-value < 1 × 10(-8)). These findings reveal that differences in intrinsic connectivity as measured with rs-fMRI exist between subjects, and that SVM methods are capable of detecting and utilizing these differences for classification and prediction.

Author List

Vergun S, Deshpande AS, Meier TB, Song J, Tudorascu DL, Nair VA, Singh V, Biswal BB, Meyerand ME, Birn RM, Prabhakaran V

Author

Timothy B. Meier PhD Associate Professor in the Neurosurgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




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