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Long-term outcomes of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia after autologous or unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation: a comparative analysis by the National Marrow Donor Program and Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. Bone Marrow Transplant 2008 Apr;41(7):635-42 PMID: 18084335 PMCID: PMC2587442

Pubmed ID



For adults with high-risk or recurrent ALL who lack a suitable sibling donor, the decision between autologous (Auto) and unrelated donor (URD) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is difficult due to variable risks of relapse and treatment-related mortality (TRM). We analysed data from two transplant registries to determine outcomes between Auto and URD HSCT for 260 adult ALL patients in first (CR1) or second (CR2) CR. All patients received a myeloablative conditioning regimen. The median follow-up was 77 (range 12-170) months. TRM at 1 year post transplant was significantly higher with URD HSCT; however, there were minimal differences in TRM according to disease status. Relapse was higher with Auto HSCT and was increased in patients transplanted in CR2. Five-year leukemia-free (37 vs 39%) and overall survival (OS) rates (38 vs 39%) were similar for Auto HSCT vs URD HSCT in CR1. There were trends favoring URD HSCT in CR2. The long-term follow-up in this analysis demonstrated that either Auto or URD HSCT could result in long-term leukaemia-free survival and OS for adult ALL patients. The optimal time (CR1 vs CR2) and technique to perform HSCT remains an important clinical question for adult ALL patients.

Author List

Bishop MR, Logan BR, Gandham S, Bolwell BJ, Cahn JY, Lazarus HM, Litzow MR, Marks DI, Wiernik PH, McCarthy PL, Russell JA, Miller CB, Sierra J, Milone G, Keating A, Loberiza FR Jr, Giralt S, Horowitz MM, Weisdorf DJ


Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Brent R. Logan PhD Director, Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin


2-s2.0-42149177725   34 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Bone Marrow Transplantation
Disease-Free Survival
Graft Survival
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Retrospective Studies
Transplantation, Autologous
Transplantation, Homologous
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-299 9ef562391eceb2b8f95265c767fbba1ce5a52fd6