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Psychotherapy for Depression in Older Veterans Via Telemedicine: Effect on Quality of Life, Satisfaction, Treatment Credibility, and Service Delivery Perception. J Clin Psychiatry 2016 Dec;77(12):1704-1711 PMID: 27835713

Pubmed ID

27835713

DOI

10.4088/JCP.16m10951

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of telepsychology and same-room care on functioning, satisfaction, and perception of care based on a noninferiority trial of psychotherapy delivered via telemedicine or same-room care to elderly patients with depression.

METHODS: 241 elderly patients with depression (meeting DSM-IV diagnostic criteria) were randomly assigned to either telemedicine (n = 120) or same-room treatment (n = 121) between April 1, 2007, and July 31, 2011. The primary outcomes included quality of life (36-item Short Form Survey [SF-36]), satisfaction (Charleston Psychiatric Outpatient Satisfaction Scale), treatment credibility, and service delivery perception scores obtained at 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 3 months, and 12 months. Comparisons of intervention means were carried out at each time point using independent sample t tests and SAS Procedure MIANALYZE to combine results across the multiply imputed complete data sets. If significant differences were detected for a given outcome within a domain, a Bonferroni correction was applied to determine if significance was maintained.

RESULTS: None of the SF-36 scores showed a significant difference between the 2 treatment groups by the end of the study period, with little significance shown throughout the intermediate time points. Similarly, over all time points, there was no statistically significant difference in patient satisfaction or treatment credibility.

CONCLUSIONS: This study found that telemedicine is a viable alternative modality for providing evidence-based psychotherapy for elderly patients with depression. Results provide evidence that quality of life and satisfaction with care are not adversely influenced by the decision to use a telehealth modality instead of in-person treatment, and, as a result, resources can be devoted to offering services in patients' homes through telemedicine.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00324701.

Author List

Egede LE, Acierno R, Knapp RG, Walker RJ, Payne EH, Frueh BC

Authors

Leonard E. Egede MD Center Director, Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Rebekah Walker PhD Assistant Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-85007524437   6 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Aged
Depressive Disorder, Major
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Reported Outcome Measures
Patient Satisfaction
Psychotherapy
Quality of Life
Telemedicine
Veterans
jenkins-FCD Prod-353 9ccd8489072cb19f5b9f808bb23ed672c582f41e