Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Impact of pre-transplant depression on outcomes of allogeneic and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Cancer 2017 05 15;123(10):1828-1838

Date

01/20/2017

Pubmed ID

28102896

Pubmed Central ID

PMC5419891

DOI

10.1002/cncr.30546

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85010190159   22 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of depression before autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) on clinical outcomes post-transplantation.

METHODS: We analyzed data from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research to compare outcomes after autologous (n = 3786) or allogeneic (n = 7433) HCT for adult patients with hematologic malignancies with an existing diagnosis of pre-HCT depression requiring treatment versus those without pre-HCT depression. Using Cox regression models, we compared overall survival (OS) between patients with or without depression. We compared the number of days alive and out of the hospital in the first 100 days post-HCT using Poisson models. We also compared the incidence of grade 2-4 acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in allogeneic HCT.

RESULTS: The study included 1116 (15%) patients with pre-transplant depression and 6317 (85%) without depression who underwent allogeneic HCT between 2008 and 2012. Pre-transplant depression was associated with lower OS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-1.23; P = 0.004) and a higher incidence of grade 2-4 acute GVHD (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.14-1.37; P < 0.0001), but similar incidence of chronic GVHD. Pre-transplant depression was associated with fewer days-alive-and-out-of-the hospital (means ratio [MR] = 0.97; 95% CI, 0.95-0.99; P = 0.004). There were 512 (13.5%) patients with Pre-transplant depression and 3274 (86.5%) without depression who underwent autologous HCT. Pre-transplant depression in autologous HCT was not associated with OS (HR, 1.15; 95% CI, 0.98-1.34; P = 0.096) but was associated with fewer days alive and out of the hospital (MR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.97-0.99; P = 0.002).

CONCLUSION: Pre-transplant depression was associated with lower OS and higher risk of acute GVHD among allogeneic HCT recipients and fewer days alive and out of the hospital during the first 100 days after autologous and allogeneic HCT. Patients with pre-transplant depression represent a population that is at risk for post-transplant complications. Cancer 2017;123:1828-1838. © 2017 American Cancer Society.

Author List

El-Jawahri A, Chen YB, Brazauskas R, He N, Lee SJ, Knight JM, Majhail N, Buchbinder D, Schears RM, Wirk BM, Wood WA, Ahmed I, Aljurf M, Szer J, Beattie SM, Battiwalla M, Dandoy C, Diaz MA, D'Souza A, Freytes CO, Gajewski J, Gergis U, Hashmi SK, Jakubowski A, Kamble RT, Kindwall-Keller T, Lazarus HM, Malone AK, Marks DI, Meehan K, Savani BN, Olsson RF, Rizzieri D, Steinberg A, Speckhart D, Szwajcer D, Schoemans H, Seo S, Ustun C, Atsuta Y, Dalal J, Sales-Bonfim C, Khera N, Hahn T, Saber W

Authors

Ruta Brazauskas PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Anita D'Souza MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Jennifer M. Knight MD Associate Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Wael Saber MD, MS Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Female
Graft vs Host Disease
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Male
Middle Aged
Multiple Myeloma
Multivariate Analysis
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Prognosis
Proportional Hazards Models
Transplantation Conditioning
Transplantation, Autologous
Transplantation, Homologous
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-406 0f9a74600e4e79798f8fa6f545ea115f3dd948b2