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Co-occurrence of a maternally inherited duplication and a paternally inherited pathogenic variant in in a child with growth retardation and severe short stature: atypical Weaver syndrome or evidence of a dosage effect? Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud 2018 08;4(4) PMID: 29802153 PMCID: PMC6071565

Pubmed ID

29802153

DOI

10.1101/mcs.a002899

Abstract

Overgrowth syndromes are a clinically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by localized or generalized tissue overgrowth and varying degrees of developmental and intellectual disability. An expanding list of genes associated with overgrowth syndromes include the histone methyltransferase genes and , which cause Weaver and Sotos syndrome, respectively, and the DNA methyltransferase () gene that results in Tatton-Brown-Rahman syndrome (TBRS). Here, we describe a 5-year-old female with a paternally inherited pathogenic mutation in (c.2050C>T, p.Arg684Cys) and a maternally inherited 505-kb duplication of uncertain significance at 2p23.3 (encompassing five genes, including ) who presented with intrauterine growth restriction, slow postnatal growth, short stature, hypotonia, developmental delay, and neuroblastoma diagnosed at the age of 8 mo. Her father had tall stature, dysmorphic facial features, and intellectual disability consistent with Weaver syndrome, whereas her mother had short stature, cognitive delays, and chronic nonprogressive leukocytosis. It has been previously shown that EZH2 directly controls DNA methylation through physical association with DNMTs, including DNMT3A, with concomitant H3K27 methylation and CpG promoter methylation leading to repression of EZH2 target genes. Interestingly, NSD1 is involved in H3K36 methylation, a mark associated with transcriptional activation, and exhibits exquisite dosage sensitivity leading to overgrowth when deleted and severe undergrowth when duplicated in vivo. Although there is currently no evidence of dosage effects for , the co-occurrence of a duplication involving this gene and a pathogenic alteration in in a patient with severe undergrowth is suggestive of a similar paradigm and further study is warranted.

Author List

Polonis K, Blackburn PR, Urrutia RA, Lomberk GA, Kruisselbrink T, Cousin MA, Boczek NJ, Hoppman NL, Babovic-Vuksanovic D, Klee EW, Pichurin PN

Authors

Gwen Lomberk PhD Associate Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Raul A. Urrutia MD Center Director, Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-85054778837
jenkins-FCD Prod-310 bff9d975ec7f2d302586822146c2801dd4449aad