Medical College of Wisconsin
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Clinical characteristics, process of care, and outcomes of Hispanic patients presenting with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes: results from Can Rapid risk stratification of Unstable angina patients Suppress ADverse outcomes with Early implementation of the ACC/AHA Guidelines (CRUSADE). Am Heart J 2006 Jul;152(1):110-7 PMID: 16824839

Pubmed ID

16824839

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Data regarding the management of non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS) in Hispanic patients, the largest and fastest-growing minority in the United States, are scarce.

METHODS: We sought to describe the clinical characteristics, process of care, and outcomes of Hispanics presenting with NSTE ACS at US hospitals. We compared baseline characteristics, resource use, and inhospital mortality among 3936 Hispanics and 90280 non-Hispanic whites with NSTE ACS from the CRUSADE Quality Improvement Initiative.

RESULTS: The regional distribution of Hispanics in CRUSADE paralleled that in the US Census. Hispanics were younger (65 vs 70 years, P < .0001) and had less hyperlipidemia (45.4% vs 49.0%, P < .0001) but were more likely to be hypertensive (72.2% vs 67.9%, P < .0001) and diabetic (46.5% vs 30.9%, P < .0001). Hispanics were also more likely to be uninsured (12.5% vs 5.1%, P < .001). During hospitalization, Hispanics were more often managed conservatively, undergoing stress tests more frequently (13.0% vs 10.1%, P < .0001), with less use of cardiac catheterization within 48 hours (48.7% vs 55.5%, P < .0001) or percutaneous coronary intervention (39.6% vs 46.4%, P < .0001) at any time. Hispanics received similar discharge treatments but were less frequently referred for cardiac rehabilitation (38.5% vs 49.2%, P < .0001). Adjusted inhospital mortality was similar in both groups (odds ratio 0.87, 95% CI 0.72-1.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Although hispanics have a different risk factor profile and are treated less aggressively during hospitalization when they present with NSTE ACS, these treatment differences do not appear to affect inhospital outcomes. Further research is warranted to explore the long-term consequences of these findings.

Author List

Cohen MG, Roe MT, Mulgund J, Peterson ED, Sonel AF, Menon V, Smith SC Jr, Saucedo JF, Lytle BL, Pollack CV Jr, Garza L, Gibler WB, Ohman EM

Author

Jorge Saucedo MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-33745671667   28 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Aged
Angina, Unstable
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Guideline Adherence
Hispanic Americans
Hospital Mortality
Humans
Insurance, Health
Male
Middle Aged
Multicenter Studies as Topic
Myocardial Ischemia
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care)
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Practice Patterns, Physicians'
Quality of Health Care
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Syndrome
jenkins-FCD Prod-353 9ccd8489072cb19f5b9f808bb23ed672c582f41e