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Continued benefit from paclitaxel-eluting compared with bare-metal stent implantation in saphenous vein graft lesions during long-term follow-up of the SOS (Stenting of Saphenous Vein Grafts) trial. JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2011 Feb;4(2):176-82



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-79951999985   88 Citations


OBJECTIVES: This study sought to report the long-term outcomes after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions in the SOS (Stenting of Saphenous Vein Grafts) trial.

BACKGROUND: The long-term outcomes after DES implantation in SVGs are poorly studied. Apart from the SOS trial, the only other randomized trial comparing DES with bare-metal stents (BMS) in SVGs reported higher mortality in the DES group at 32 months.

METHODS: In the SOS trial, 80 patients with 112 lesions in 88 SVGs were randomized to a BMS or paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) and demonstrated improved short-term angiographic and clinical outcomes with PES. Extended clinical follow-up was subsequently obtained.

RESULTS: Mean age was 67 ± 9 years, and all patients were men. The indications for stenting included acute coronary syndrome in 60% and stable angina in 31% of patients. The mean SVG age was 12 ± 6 years. The baseline characteristics of the patients in the 2 study groups were similar. Procedural success was achieved in 77 patients (96%). During a median follow-up of 35 months, compared with patients randomized to BMS, those receiving PES had a lower incidence of myocardial infarction (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.32, p = 0.01), target lesion revascularization (HR: 0.20, p = 0.004), target vessel revascularization (HR: 0.41, p = 0.03), and target vessel failure (HR: 0.34, p = 0.001) as well as a trend toward less definite or probable stent thrombosis (HR: 0.15, p = 0.08). All-cause mortality (HR: 2.04, p = 0.19) and cardiac mortality (HR: 0.62, p = 0.51) did not differ between groups.

CONCLUSIONS: During long-term follow-up, use of PES was associated with significantly better clinical outcomes than BMS in SVG lesions. (Stenting of Saphenous Vein Grafts Trial [SOS]; NCT00247208).

Author List

Brilakis ES, Lichtenwalter C, Abdel-karim AR, de Lemos JA, Obel O, Addo T, Roesle M, Haagen D, Rangan BV, Saeed B, Bissett JK, Sachdeva R, Voudris VV, Karyofillis P, Kar B, Rossen J, Fasseas P, Berger P, Banerjee S


Panayotis Fasseas MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
Cardiovascular Agents
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Artery Bypass
Drug-Eluting Stents
Graft Occlusion, Vascular
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction
Proportional Hazards Models
Prosthesis Design
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Saphenous Vein
Single-Blind Method
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
United States