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Prevalence of Diabetes, Prediabetes, and Obesity in the Indigenous Kuna Population of Panamá. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2019 08;6(4):743-751

Date

02/26/2019

Pubmed ID

30805801

DOI

10.1007/s40615-019-00573-0

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85062155137   5 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a burgeoning disease affecting more than 8% of the world population. Indigenous communities are disproportionately impacted by diabetes; however, limited data is available on prevalence and correlates of diabetes.

METHODS: Data was collected from 211 Indigenous Kuna adults off the coast of Panamá in the San Blas region of the Caribbean. Diabetes and prediabetes were measured by HbA1c. Obesity was defined using the US BMI categories as well as categories defined by the WHO to assess obesity among Asian populations. Univariate analyses (chi2 tests) were used to investigate diabetes status and obesity by demographic factors. Logistic regression was used to examine the correlates of diabetes and obesity.

RESULTS: Of the 211 adults, 13% had diabetes, 35% had prediabetes, and approximately 39% were obese. Using the Asian cut point for obesity, this number increased to 61%. Income was statistically significantly related to an HbA1c cut point of 6.5 (p = 0.005). Individuals who reported a monthly income of greater than $250 had increased odds of prediabetes and diabetes nearly sixfold for HbA1c of > 6.5 (OR 6.3; CI 1.43-28.45) and HbA1c of > 5.7 (OR 5.1; CI 1.03-26.14).

CONCLUSIONS: These findings represent one of the first studies examining diabetes and prediabetes in indigenous Kuna of the San Blas region. Our findings suggest Kuna Indians may be at an increased risk for diabetes and prediabetes. Current national estimates for diabetes is considered low in this population. Greater understanding of determinants of diabetes and obesity are needed in order to address diabetes in this indigenous community.

Author List

Campbell JA, Walker RJ, Dawson AZ, Egede LE

Authors

Jennifer Annette Campbell PhD, MPH Assistant Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Aprill Z. Dawson PhD, MPH Assistant Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Leonard E. Egede MD Center Director, Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Rebekah Walker PhD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Body Mass Index
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Female
Glycated Hemoglobin A
Humans
Indians, Central American
Male
Obesity
Panama
Prediabetic State
Prevalence
Socioeconomic Factors