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Development of baroreflex influences on heart rate variability in preterm infants. Early Hum Dev 1998 Nov;53(1):37-52

Date

04/08/1999

Pubmed ID

10193925

DOI

10.1016/s0378-3782(98)00038-3

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0031785737   39 Citations

Abstract

To investigate developmental changes in autonomic cardiovascular reflexes in preterm infants, we used autoregressive power spectral analysis to analyze the effect of upright tilting on heart rate variability in preterm infants. Twenty-eight infants were studied in a longitudinal fashion beginning at 28-32 weeks postconceptional age (postnatal age 1-5 weeks). Each week, heart rate variability in the supine position and after 45 degrees head-up tilt was analyzed by spectral analysis. With the initial study of each infant, there was no significant change in heart rate following head-up tilt compared with baseline (-0.5+/-0.9 bpm). However, linear regression analysis revealed that with increasing postnatal age, the change in heart rate in response to tilting became more positive (mean slope of regressions 0.45+/-0.12 bpm/week, P<0.005). The power spectral density of R-R interval variability in the low-(LF; 0.02-0.15 Hz) and high-(HF; 0.15-1.5 Hz) frequency ranges were obtained and the values normalized by dividing each component by the total power. For measurements obtained in the supine position, the LF/HF ratio progressively decreased with increasing postnatal age, indicating a maturational change in sympathovagal balance. We used the difference in the LF/HF ratio between tilt and the recumbent position as a measure of the change in autonomic input to the heart in response to unloading of the arterial baroreceptors. No significant change in these ratios were observed when infants were first studied between 28 and 32 weeks postconceptional age, suggesting that the cardiac baroreflex is poorly developed at this stage of development. However, with postnatal maturation, the LF component of the power spectrum became progressively larger with tilt relative to the basal state, such that the difference between LF/HF(tilt) and LF/HF(base) became progressively more positive (P <0.006). These findings suggest that in premature infants, cardiac baroreceptor reflexes become more functional with postnatal development.

Author List

Mazursky JE, Birkett CL, Bedell KA, Ben-Haim SA, Segar JL

Author

Jeffrey L. Segar MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Aging
Baroreflex
Electrocardiography
Female
Gestational Age
Heart
Heart Rate
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Posture
Supine Position
jenkins-FCD Prod-486 e3098984f26de787f5ecab75090d0a28e7f4f7c0