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Epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreaks, United States, 1982-2002. Emerg Infect Dis 2005 Apr;11(4):603-9

Date

04/15/2005

Pubmed ID

15829201

Pubmed Central ID

PMC3320345

DOI

10.3201/eid1104.040739

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-16244395474 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   1022 Citations

Abstract

Escherichia coli O157:H7 causes 73,000 illnesses in the United States annually. We reviewed E. coli O157 outbreaks reported to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to better understand the epidemiology of E. coli O157. E. coli O157 outbreaks (>or=2 cases of E. coli O157 infection with a common epidemiologic exposure) reported to CDC from 1982 to 2002 were reviewed. In that period, 49 states reported 350 outbreaks, representing 8,598 cases, 1,493 (17%) hospitalizations, 354 (4%) hemolytic uremic syndrome cases, and 40 (0.5%) deaths. Transmission route for 183 (52%) was foodborne, 74 (21%) unknown, 50 (14%) person-to-person, 31 (9%) waterborne, 11 (3%) animal contact, and 1 (0.3%) laboratory-related. The food vehicle for 75 (41%) foodborne outbreaks was ground beef, and for 38 (21%) outbreaks, produce.

Author List

Rangel JM, Sparling PH, Crowe C, Griffin PM, Swerdlow DL

Author

Colleen Crowe MD Associate Professor in the Emergency Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Cattle
Dairy Products
Disease Outbreaks
Disease Reservoirs
Escherichia coli Infections
Escherichia coli O157
Food Microbiology
Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome
Humans
Laboratory Infection
Meat
United States
Vegetables
Water Microbiology