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Pilot study comparing the Childhood Arthritis & Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Consensus Treatment Plans. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J 2017 Apr 11;15(1):23



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Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85018462181   14 Citations


OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of studying the comparative effectiveness of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) consensus treatment plans (CTPs) for systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) using an observational registry.

METHODS: Untreated systemic JIA patients enrolled in the CARRA Registry were begun on one of 4 CTPs chosen by the treating physician and patient/family (glucocorticoid [GC] alone; methotrexate [MTX] ± GC; IL1 inhibitor [IL1i] ± GC; IL6 inhibitor [IL6i] ± GC). The primary outcome of clinical inactive disease (CID) without current GC use was assessed at 9 months.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01697254; first registered 9/28/12 (retrospectively enrolled).

RESULTS: Thirty patients were enrolled at 13 sites; eight patients were started on a non-biologic CTP (2 GC, 6 MTX) and 22 patients on a biologic CTP (12 IL1i, 10 IL6i) at disease onset. Demographic and disease features were similar between CTP groups. CTP choice appeared to segregate by site preference. CID off GC was achieved by 37% (11 of 30) including 11/22 (50%) starting a biologic CTP compared to 0/8 starting a non-biologic CTP (p = 0.014). There were four serious adverse events: two infections, one appendicitis and one macrophage activation syndrome.

CONCLUSIONS: The CARRA systemic JIA CTP pilot study demonstrated successful implementation of CTPs using the CARRA registry infrastructure. Having demonstrated feasibility, a larger study using CTP response to better determine the relative effectiveness of treatments for new-onset systemic JIA is now underway.

Author List

Kimura Y, Grevich S, Beukelman T, Morgan E, Nigrovic PA, Mieszkalski K, Graham TB, Ibarra M, Ilowite N, Klein-Gitelman M, Onel K, Prahalad S, Punaro M, Ringold S, Toib D, Van Mater H, Weiss JE, Weiss PF, Schanberg LE, CARRA Registry Investigators


Judyann C. Olson MD Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
Antirheumatic Agents
Arthritis, Juvenile
Child, Preschool
Drug Therapy, Combination
Feasibility Studies
Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein
Pilot Projects
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Prospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-480 9a4deaf152b0b06dd18151814fff2e18f6c05280