Medical College of Wisconsin
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Disorders of the visual system in Alzheimer's disease. J Clin Neuroophthalmol 1990 Mar;10(1):62-9



Pubmed ID


Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0025237199   98 Citations


Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with disturbances in basic visual, complex visual, and oculomotor functions. The broad range of visual system disorders in AD may result from the concentration of neuropathology in visual association cortex and optic nerves in this disease. AD patients and their caregivers frequently report visuospatial difficulties in these patients. Examination of the visual system in AD may reveal visual field deficits, prolonged visual evoked potentials, depressed contrast sensitivities, and abnormal eye movement recordings. Complex visual disturbances include constructional and visuoperceptual abnormalities, spatial agnosia and Balint's syndrome, environmental disorientation, visual agnosia, facial identification problems, and visual hallucinations. The purpose of this article is to review the spectrum of visual system disturbances found in AD and, in particular, to describe the methods used to screen for complex visual abnormalities in these patients.

Author List

Mendez MF, Tomsak RL, Remler B


Bernd F. Remler MD Professor in the Neurology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Alzheimer Disease
Vision Disorders
Visual Cortex
Visual Perception