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Impact of chronic kidney disease on outcomes of superficial femoral artery endoluminal interventions. Ann Vasc Surg 2009;23(5):560-8

Date

01/09/2009

Pubmed ID

19128934

DOI

10.1016/j.avsg.2008.11.010

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-69749121924   25 Citations

Abstract

While aggressive endoluminal therapy for superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusive disease is commonplace, the implications of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on long-term outcomes in this population are unclear. We examined the consequences of endovascular treatment of the SFA in patients with and without varying stages of CKD. A database of patients undergoing endovascular treatment of the SFA between 1986 and 2007 was queried, and two groups were defined: estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <or=60 and >60 mL/min/1.73 cm(2). Intention-to-treat analysis was performed. Results were standardized to TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC-II) and Society for Vascular Surgery criteria. Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to assess time-dependent outcomes. Factor analyses were performed using a Cox proportional hazard model for time-dependent variables. Data are presented as mean +/- standard deviation where appropriate. There were 525 limbs in 535 patients (68% male, average age 66 +/- 14 years) that underwent endovascular treatment for claudication or chronic critical limb ischemia (51%). Patients with eGFR <or=60 were older and had significantly more coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia. TASC-II lesion distribution was equivalent (37% for TASC-II C and D), but tibial runoff was significantly worse in the eGFR <or=60 group. In addition, there were more inflow and outflow interventions in the eGFR <or=60 group. In patients with claudication, there was no difference in patency or limb salvage between those with eGFR <or=60 and >60. In patients with critical limb ischemia, there was no difference in patency between those with eGFR <or=60 and >60. Limb salvage was worse in patients with eGFR <or=60 compared to eGFR >60. With respect to limb salvage, six factors were significantly associated with a reduction in rates: presence of tissue loss at presentation (relative risk [RR] = 6.45, p = 0.003), 0 or 1 vessel tibial runoff (RR = 2.56, p < 0.01), progression of distal disease noted in follow-up (RR = 4.62, p < 0.01), embolization at the initial intervention (RR = 2.70, p < 0.05), diabetes mellitus (RR = 3.71, p < 0.01), and a history of congestive heart disease (RR = 2.42, p < 0.01). Notable factors that were not significantly associated included lesion calcification (p = 0.64), TASC C or D lesion categorization (p = 0.99), acute occlusion at initial intervention (p = 0.40), and adjuvant stenting (p = 0.67). CKD does not impact the patency of SFA interventions. Limb salvage in patients with critical ischemia is significantly worse when the eGFR is <or=60 mL/min/1.73 cm(2).

Author List

Bakken AM, Protack CD, Saad WE, Hart JP, Rhodes JM, Waldman DL, Davies MG

Author

Joseph Hart MD Associate Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Angioplasty, Balloon
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Chronic Disease
Female
Femoral Artery
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Humans
Ischemia
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Kidney Diseases
Limb Salvage
Male
Middle Aged
Proportional Hazards Models
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Stents
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Vascular Patency