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Contemporary Outcomes for Advanced-Stage Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma in the U.S.: Analysis of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database. Oncologist 2019 11;24(11):1488-1495

Date

08/31/2019

Pubmed ID

31467178

Pubmed Central ID

PMC6853108

DOI

10.1634/theoncologist.2019-0172

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85071466837

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a curable malignancy, although outcomes remain poor in certain patients. It remains unclear if recent advances have improved their population-level survival over time.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, we identified patients aged ≥18 years with stage III or IV classical HL as the first primary malignancy, diagnosed between 2000 and 2014 and treated with chemotherapy. Patients were stratified by date of diagnosis into three groups (2000-2004, 2005-2009, 2010-2014) to assess the trends in overall survival (OS).

RESULTS: A total of 9,042 patients with a median age of 41 years were included. The use of frontline radiation therapy decreased in each period (21.3% [2000-2004] vs. 15.5% [2005-2009] vs. 10.7% [2010-2014]; p < .001). Three-year OS was significantly higher for patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2014 (81.8%) and 2005 and 2009 (80.6%) compared with 2000 and 2004 (78.5%; p = .0008 and .02, respectively). Whereas outcomes were poorest in the age >60 cohort, similar improvements were also seen in 3-year OS over the three time periods within this patient population. On multivariate analysis, diagnosis in the earlier period and minority race were associated with higher mortality. Females and married patients had significantly lower mortality risk.

CONCLUSION: Survival of patients with advanced-stage HL has continued to improve over time, suggesting the impact of evolving treatment approaches. Three-year OS in the contemporary period remains inadequate at 81.8%, highlighting the need for continued research to improve their outcomes.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This article evaluates contemporary outcomes for advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in the U.S. using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Although overall survival (OS) has improved in each 5-year period since 2000, the 3-year OS from 2010 to 2014 remains inadequate at 81.8% and is limited by patient demographics. New therapies are indicated to improve clinical outcomes in advanced-stage HL.

Author List

Guru Murthy GS, Szabo A, Hamadani M, Fenske TS, Shah NN

Authors

Timothy Fenske MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Guru Subramanian Guru Murthy MD Assistant Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mehdi H. Hamadani MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Nirav N. Shah MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Aniko Szabo PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Chemoradiotherapy
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hodgkin Disease
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prognosis
Retrospective Studies
SEER Program
Survival Rate
Young Adult
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a