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A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Outcomes Associated with Parent-Nurse Controlled Analgesia vs. Continuous Opioid Infusion in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Pain Manag Nurs 2020 02;21(1):72-80

Date

09/09/2019

Pubmed ID

31494028

Pubmed Central ID

PMC6980456

DOI

10.1016/j.pmn.2019.08.002

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85071697982   1 Citation

Abstract

PURPOSE: Prospectively compare parent/nurse controlled analgesia (PNCA) to continuous opioid infusion (COI) in the post-operative neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) population.

DESIGN/METHODS: A randomized controlled trial compared neonates treated with morphine PNCA to those treated with morphine COI. The primary outcome was average opioid consumption up to 3 post-operative days. Secondary outcomes included 1) pain intensity, 2) adverse events that may be directly related to opioid consumption, and 3) parent and nurse satisfaction.

RESULTS: The sample consisted of 25 post-operative neonates and young infants randomized to either morphine PNCA (n = 16) or COI (n = 9). Groups differed significantly on daily opioid consumption, with the PNCA group receiving significantly less opioid (P = .02). Groups did not differ on average pain score or frequency of adverse events (P values > .05). Parents in both groups were satisfied with their infant's pain management and parents in the PNCA group were slightly more satisfied with their level of involvement (P = .03). Groups did not differ in nursing satisfaction.

CONCLUSIONS: PNCA may be an effective alternative to COI for pain management in the NICU population. This method may also substantially reduce opioid consumption, provide more individualized care, and improve parent satisfaction with their level of participation.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Patients in the NICU represent one of our most vulnerable patient populations. As nurses strive to provide safe and effective pain management, results of this study suggest PNCA may allow nurses to maintain their patients' comfort while providing less opioid and potentially improving parental perception of involvement.

STUDY TYPE: Treatment study.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: I.

Author List

Czarnecki ML, Hainsworth K, Simpson PM, Arca MJ, Uhing MR, Zhang L, Grippe A, Varadarajan J, Rusy LM, Firary M, Weisman SJ

Authors

Keri Hainsworth PhD Associate Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Lynn M. Rusy MD Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Pippa M. Simpson PhD Chief, Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Michael R. Uhing MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Jaya L. Varadarajan MD Associate Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Steven J. Weisman MD Professor in the Anesthesiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Analgesics, Opioid
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infusions, Intravenous
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Male
Nurse-Patient Relations
Pain Management
Pilot Projects
jenkins-FCD Prod-484 8aa07fc50b7f6d102f3dda2f4c7056ff84294d1d