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High-dose selenium for the mitigation of radiation injury: a pilot study in a rat model. Radiat Res 2009 Mar;171(3):368-73

Date

03/10/2009

Pubmed ID

19267564

Pubmed Central ID

PMC2679178

DOI

10.1667/0033-7587-171.3.368

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-61849152902 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   39 Citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate in an animal model the safety and efficacy of dietary supplementation with high doses of selenium for the mitigation of the type of radiation injury that might be sustained during a nuclear accident or an act of radiological terrorism. Age-matched male rats were exposed to 10 Gy (single dose) of total-body irradiation (TBI) followed by a syngeneic bone marrow transplant, then randomized to standard drinking water or drinking water supplemented with sodium selenite or seleno-l-methionine. At 21 weeks after TBI, most rats on standard drinking water had severe renal failure with a mean blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level of 124 +/- 29 mg/dl (geometric mean +/- SE) whereas rats on selenium-supplemented drinking water (100 microg/day) had a mean BUN level of 67 +/- 12 mg/dl. The mitigating effect of selenium was confirmed by histopathological analyses. None of the animals on high-dose selenium showed signs of selenium toxicity. Our results suggest that dietary supplementation with high-dose selenium may provide a safe, effective and practical way to mitigate radiation injury to kidneys.

Author List

Sieber F, Muir SA, Cohen EP, North PE, Fish BL, Irving AA, M├Ąder M, Moulder JE

Authors

Paula E. North MD, PhD Professor in the Pathology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Fritz Sieber PhD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Administration, Oral
Animals
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Dietary Supplements
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Environmental Exposure
Kidney
Male
Pilot Projects
Radiation Injuries, Experimental
Rats
Sodium Selenite