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Tandem Autologous-Autologous versus Autologous-Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant for Patients with Multiple Myeloma: Long-Term Follow-Up Results from the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network 0102 Trial. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2020 Apr;26(4):798-804

Date

11/23/2019

Pubmed ID

31756536

Pubmed Central ID

PMC7198329

DOI

10.1016/j.bbmt.2019.11.018

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85077165933   5 Citations

Abstract

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) may improve long-term multiple myeloma (MM) control through the graft-versus-myeloma effect. The Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network 0102 trial was a biologic assignment trial comparing tandem autologous transplant (auto-auto) versus autologous followed by reduced-intensity allogeneic (auto-allo) transplant in patients with newly diagnosed MM with standard-risk (n = 625) or high-risk (n = 85; β2-microglobulin at diagnosis ≥ 4 mg/dL or deletion of chromosome 13 by conventional karyotyping) disease. Although the initial 3-year analysis showed no difference in progression-free survival (PFS) between arms in either risk group, we hypothesized that long-term follow-up may better capture the impact of the graft-versus-myeloma effect. Median follow-up of survivors was over 10 years. Among standard-risk patients there was no difference in PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], .93 to 1.35; P = .25) or OS (HR, 1.03; 95% CI, .82 to 1.28; P = .82). The 6-year PFS was 25% in the auto-auto arm versus 22% in the auto-allo arm (P = .32), and 6-year overall survival (OS) was 60% and 59%, respectively (P = .85). In the high-risk group, although there was no statistically significant difference in PFS (HR, .66; 95% CI, .41 to 1.07; P = .07) and OS (HR, 1.01; 95% CI, .60 to 1.71; P = .96), a reduction in 6-year risk of relapse of 77% versus 47% (P = .005) was reflected in better PFS of 13% versus 31% (P = .05) but similar OS, at 47% versus 51% (P = .69). Allogeneic HCT can lead to long-term disease control in patients with high-risk MM and needs to be explored in the context of modern therapy.

Author List

Giralt S, Costa LJ, Maloney D, Krishnan A, Fei M, Antin JH, Brunstein C, Geller N, Goodman S, Hari P, Logan B, Lowsky R, Qazilbash MH, Sahebi F, Somlo G, Rowley S, Vogl DT, Vesole DH, Pasquini M, Stadtmauer E

Authors

Parameswaran Hari MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Brent R. Logan PhD Director, Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Marcelo C. Pasquini MD, MS Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




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