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Effect of Nearby Construction Activity on Endothelial Function, Sensitivity to Nitric Oxide, and Potassium Channel Activity in the Middle Cerebral Arteries of Rats. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 2020 May 13;59(4):411-22



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The present study assessed the effect of nearby construction activity on the responses of rat middle cerebral arteries (MCA)to the endothelium-dependent vasodilator acetylcholine and the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and the activity of MaxiK potassium channels in MCA smooth muscle cells from male Sprague-Dawley rats. Two monitoring systems were used to assess vibrations in the animal rooms during and immediately after construction activities near the research building where the animal facility is located. One was a commercially available system; the other was a Raspberry-Pi (RPi)-based vibration monitoring system designed in our laboratory that included a small computing unit attached to a rolling sensor (low sensitivity) and a piezoelectric film sensor (high sensitivity). Both systems recorded increased levels of vibration during construction activity outside the building. During the construction period, vasodilator responses to acetylcholine and SNP were abolished, and MaxiK single-channel current opening frequency and open-state probability in cell-attached patches of isolated MCA myocytes were dramatically decreased. Recovery of acetylcholine- and SNP-induced dilation was minimal in MCA from rats studied after completion of construction but housed in the animal facility during construction, whereas responses to acetylcholine and SNP were intact in rats purchased, housed, and studied after construction. Baseline levels of vibration returned after the completion of construction, concomitant with the recovery of normal endothelium-dependent vasodilation to acetylcholine and of NO sensitivity assessed by using SNP in MCA from animals obtained after construction. The results of this study indicate that the vibration associated with nearby construction can have highly disruptive effects on crucial physiologic phenotypes.

Author List

Terashvili MN, Kozak KN, Gebremedhin D, Allen LA, Gifford AL, Allen KP, Thulin JD, Lombard JH


Kenneth Paul Allen DVM Associate Professor in the Research Office department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Maia Terashvili PhD Research Scientist I in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Joseph Thulin DVM Assistant Provost, Associate Professor in the Research Office department at Medical College of Wisconsin