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Aortic Remodeling and Clinical Outcomes Following Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair for Blunt Thoracic Aortic Injury. J Surg Res 2020 Jun 16;255:124-129



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BACKGROUND: There is currently limited data assessing the long-term consequences of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in otherwise healthy aortic segments remote from the site of endograft coverage. The aim of this study is to retrospectively evaluate aortic remodeling and long-term outcomes of blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) patients treated with TEVAR. Our hypothesis is that significant changes to the aorta proximal to the graft-covered segment are suspected following TEVAR.

METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review of patients who underwent TEVAR for BTAI at a level I trauma center from 2004 to 2018 was performed. Forty-six patients were identified and of these, 32 patients with high-resolution computed tomographic angiography imaging follow-up were included in the study. Computed tomographic angiography measurements of aortic dimensions and branch vessels proximal, distal, and adjacent to the stent grafted segment were recorded preprocedure and postprocedure and analyzed. Primary device-related outcomes such as birdbeaking, mural thrombus, stent migration, and persistent endoleak were assessed. Patient outcomes including mortality, graft-related morbidity, and need for secondary interventions were also analyzed.

RESULTS: Mean follow-up of the selected patients in the study was 1.52 y (range, 0.06-8.0 y). Following TEVAR, the ascending aortic length increased significantly (mean 5.7 ± 4.6 mm, P < 0.001). The mean diameters of the ascending aorta (1.5 ± 1.5, P < 0.001 mm), the midaortic arch (1.3 ± 1.7 mm, P < 0.001), and proximal and the distal endograft landing zones (1.9 ± 2.1 mm and 2.2 ± 1.6 mm, respectively, P < 0.001) also increased significantly following TEVAR. Clinically relevant device-related outcomes occurred with the presence of endograft infolding and subsequent development of endograft mural thrombus (P < 0.001). The need for secondary intervention following TEVAR for BTAI was associated with endograft mural thrombus (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: TEVAR for BTAI causes significant geometric changes in the aorta proximal to the stented grafted segment of the aorta. Direct consequences of the graft at the stented segment includes mural thrombus development within the endograft which was associated with the need for secondary intervention. Although clinical significance is yet to be determined, post-TEVAR changes in aortic architecture warrant continued aortic surveillance following BTAI.

Author List

Bero EH, Nguyen-Ho CT, Patel PJ, Foley WD, Lee CJ


Parag J. Patel MD, MS, FSIR Professor in the Radiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

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