Medical College of Wisconsin
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Are retrievable vena cava filters placed in trauma patients really retrievable? Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2016 Aug;42(4):459-464



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84937719314 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   8 Citations


PURPOSE: Concerns have arisen regarding the use of retrievable inferior vena cava filters (rIVCFs) in trauma patients due to increasing reports of low retrieval rates. We hypothesized that complete follow-up with a dedicated trauma nurse practitioner would be associated with a higher rate of retrievability. This study was undertaken to determine the rate of retrievability of rIVCFs placed in a Canadian Lead Trauma Centre, and to compare the rate of retrievability in our trauma population to our non-trauma patients.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients with rIVCF placed between Jan 1 2000 and June 30 2014. Data were collected on demographics, indication for filter placement, retrieval status, and reasons for non-retrieval. Comparison was made between trauma patients and non-trauma patients.

RESULTS: A total of 374 rIVCFs were placed (61 in trauma patients and 313 in non-trauma patients) and follow-up was complete for the entire cohort. Filter retrieval was achieved in 86.9 % of trauma patients. Reasons for non-retrieval were technical in two patients, and death before retrieval in six patients. Retrieval was successful in 48.9 % of non-trauma patients.

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that rIVCFs can be successfully retrieved amongst trauma patients. We demonstrated a higher rate of successful retrieval amongst trauma patients than non-trauma patients in our institution. Careful patient follow-up may play a role in successful retrieval of rIVCFs.

Author List

Leeper WR, Murphy PB, Vogt KN, Leeper TJ, Kribs SW, Gray DK, Parry NG


Patrick Murphy MD Assistant Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Device Removal
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Embolism
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Treatment Outcome
Vena Cava Filters
Venous Thrombosis
Wounds and Injuries