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Guilt and conscience in major depressive disorders. Am J Psychiatry 1983 Jul;140(7):839-44

Date

07/01/1983

Pubmed ID

6859296

DOI

10.1176/ajp.140.7.839

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0020576757   29 Citations

Abstract

The authors propose definitions of guilt as a self-critical feeling state and of conscience as a set of standards, to permit independent assessment of their prevalence in a sample of 93 depressed, 29 schizophrenic, and 43 normal subjects. Patients with feelings of guilt tended to have a more severe conscience and lower self-esteem. While guilt is prominent in a moderate percentage of depressed patients, negative self-esteem may form one of the cornerstones for depressed patients of all types. The authors propose that the operational definition of psychoanalytic concepts such as guilt and conscience permits a valid and more rigorous test of clinical generalizations.

Author List

Prosen M, Clark DC, Harrow M, Fawcett J

Author

David C. Clark PhD Assistant Dean, Professor in the Research Office department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Conscience
Depressive Disorder
Female
Guilt
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Morals
Personality Inventory
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Schizophrenic Psychology
Self Concept