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Liver failure and x-linked immunodeficiency type 47. Pediatr Transplant 2020 Dec;24(8):e13808

Date

08/14/2020

Pubmed ID

32790950

DOI

10.1111/petr.13808

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85089391265   3 Citations

Abstract

Patients with defects in the ATP6AP1 gene have rarely been described. ATP6AP1-related disorders are a subtype of CDG, which result in enzyme deficiencies affecting multiple organ systems ranging from mild to life-threatening. Of the 13 patients described, all had hepatopathy, but this is the first case to be successfully transplanted. We describe two brothers who developed hyperbilirubinemia shortly after birth and progressed to liver failure, case 1 by 12 months of age, with successful transplant 2 years later, and case 2 by 4 months of age, who passed away while awaiting liver transplant. Both boys were found to have a new variant in the ATP6AP1 gene: c.932/p.Leu311Gln. Although the identified ATP6AP1 gene variant was classified as unknown significance at the time, both children's phenotypes fit with what has been described for ATP6AP1-related disorders. Therefore, this result appears to have been diagnostic for both boys. This rare type of CDG, X-linked immunodeficiency type 47 (OMIM #300972), particularly in patients who progress to liver failure requiring transplant, should be included on the differential of liver failure in infants and toddlers, and its gene should be added to the diagnostic workup for such cases.

Author List

Gumm AJ, Basel DG, Thakrar P, Suchi M, Telega G

Authors

Donald Basel MD Chief, Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Alexis J. Gumm MD Assistant Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mariko Suchi MD, PhD Associate Professor in the Pathology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Grzegorz W. Telega MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Pooja Thakrar MD Associate Professor in the Radiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation
Fatal Outcome
Humans
Infant
Liver Failure
Liver Transplantation
Male
Peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl) Asparagine Amidase
Phenotype
Siblings
Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases