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Prevalence of physical violence against children in Haiti: A national population-based cross-sectional survey. Child Abuse Negl 2016 Jan;51:154-62

Date

11/28/2015

Pubmed ID

26612595

Pubmed Central ID

PMC5928512

DOI

10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.10.021

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84952767718   10 Citations

Abstract

Although physical violence against children is common worldwide, there are no national estimates in Haiti. To establish baseline national estimates, a three-stage clustered sampling design was utilized to administer a population-based household survey about victimization due to physical violence to 13-24 year old Haitians (n=2,916), including those residing in camps or settlements. Descriptive statistics and weighted analysis techniques were used to estimate national lifetime prevalence and characteristics of physical violence against children. About two-thirds of respondents reported having experienced physical violence during childhood (67.0%; 95% CI 63.4-70.4), the percentage being similar in males and females. More than one-third of 13-17 year old respondents were victimized in the 12 months prior to survey administration (37.8%; 95% CI 33.6-42.1). The majority of violence was committed by parents and teachers; and the perceived intent was often punishment or discipline. While virtually all (98.8%; 95% CI 98.0-99.3) victims of childhood physical violence were punched, kicked, whipped or beaten; 11.0% (95% CI 9.2-13.2) were subject to abuse by a knife or other weapon. Injuries sustained from violence varied by victim gender and perpetrator, with twice as many females (9.6%; 95% CI 7.1-12.7) than males (4.0%; 95% CI 2.6-6.1) sustaining permanent injury or disfigurement by a family member or caregiver (p-value<.001). Our findings suggest that physical violence against children in Haiti is common, and may lead to severe injury. Characterization of the frequency and nature of this violence provides baseline estimates to inform interventions.

Author List

Flynn-O'Brien KT, Rivara FP, Weiss NS, Lea VA, Marcelin LH, Vertefeuille J, Mercy JA

Author

Katherine T. Flynn-O'Brien MD, MPH Assistant Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Child Abuse
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Haiti
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Psychometrics
Surveys and Questionnaires
Young Adult