Medical College of Wisconsin
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Implementation and evaluation of an interprofessional physical assessment skills workshop for Wisconsin pharmacists. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2021;61(4):e249-e254



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85103113179 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)


BACKGROUND: Pharmacists have a critical, expanding role in health care delivery. In particular, pharmacists in community pharmacy and ambulatory care settings are important and frequent access points for health care services.

OBJECTIVE: We describe the interprofessional development and implementation of an interactive, broadly applicable physical assessment skills-based continuing pharmacy education program to provide an avenue for the attainment of this warranted set of skills for pharmacists who desire to provide advanced patient care services in their respective practices.

METHODS: Pharmacists, in collaboration with family medicine and emergency medicine physicians, developed workshop content, design, and flow. The structure of the workshops consisted of didactic training, hands-on practical application, simulated practice, and case-based certification examinations.

RESULTS: On a postworkshop survey, all respondents answered "agree" or "strongly agree" when asked if the workshops were useful, advanced their skills, and advanced their confidence. It was also found that more than 50% of the participants used their physical assessment skills monthly and 11% daily. The most common assessment performed was obtaining an accurate manual blood pressure.

CONCLUSION: The interprofessional development and implementation of workshops dedicated to physical assessment skills education is feasible and led to the incorporation of these skills into pharmacists' practice, particularly in the community and ambulatory care settings.

Author List

MacKinnon GE 3rd, Theobald J, Seckel E, MacKinnon KJ, Lamberton N, Velazquez DV


George MacKinnon PhD Founding Dean, Professor in the School of Pharmacy Administration department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Karen J. MacKinnon RPh Director, Assistant Professor in the School of Pharmacy Administration department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Jillian Lee Theobald MD, PhD Associate Professor in the Emergency Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Community Pharmacy Services
Education, Pharmacy, Continuing
Interprofessional Relations
Patient Care