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Gender differences in the relationship between social support and strain and mortality among a national sample of adults. J Behav Med 2021 Oct;44(5):673-681

Date

04/23/2021

Pubmed ID

33886063

Pubmed Central ID

PMC8484032

DOI

10.1007/s10865-021-00221-1

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85105201908 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   7 Citations

Abstract

We assessed gender differences in the relationship between mortality and social support, strain, and affectual solidarity received from family, friends and spouses. Data of 6259 adults from the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) survey were analyzed. Cox proportional hazards were used to assess relationships between mortality and support, strain, and affectual solidarity and whether the associations varied by gender. Support from family, friends, and spouses/partners and friend affectual solidarity were associated with lower mortality in the total sample. Friend strain was associated with higher mortality in the total sample. Family support and family, friend, and spouse affectual solidarity were associated with lower mortality in women. Friend and spouse strain were associated with a higher mortality for women. Support from friends, family and spouse are beneficial for reducing mortality in men and women. Friend and spouse strain are targets for minimizing mortality risk in women.

Author List

Uhing A, Williams JS, Garacci E, Egede LE

Authors

Leonard E. Egede MD Center Director, Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Joni Williams MD, MPH Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Female
Friends
Humans
Male
Sex Factors
Social Support
Spouses
Surveys and Questionnaires
United States