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Budesonide Prophylaxis Reduces the Risk of Engraftment Syndrome After Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2021 10;21(10):e775-e781

Date

07/15/2021

Pubmed ID

34257042

DOI

10.1016/j.clml.2021.06.004

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85110347842

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Engraftment syndrome (ES) after autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) in multiple myeloma (MM) encompasses a continuum of periengraftment complications characterized by noninfectious fever, rash, diarrhea, and capillary leak features.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the ES outcomes in 257 consecutive patients MM patients who underwent AHCT at our institution from 12/2017 to 11/2019 with budesonide prophylaxis (3 mg PO daily at day +5 post-AHCT till the time of discharge) (N = 109) and no prophylaxis (N = 148).

RESULTS: The rates of ES were significantly higher in the no prophylaxis group versus prophylaxis group [69 (46%) vs. 23 (21%); P< .001]. There was no significant difference in length of stay (LOS) [mean 15 (±3.2) vs. 16 (±2.8); P = .27] and 30-day readmission [9 (6%) vs. 8 (7%); P = .81] between the no prophylaxis and prophylaxis groups, respectively. On adjusted analysis, budesonide prophylaxis was associated with a significantly lower risk of developing ES [odds ratio (OR) 0.29 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.16-0.51); P< .0001]. There was no difference in the 30-day readmission rates [OR 1.12 (95% CI, 0.41-3.03); P = .81], but a trend for shorter LOS in the prophylaxis group [7.3% reduction in LOS (95% CI, -14.4% to 0%); P = .06].

CONCLUSION: Budesonide prophylaxis significantly reduces the risk of ES in MM patients undergoing AHCT. These promising results suggest the need for a randomized study investigate the role of budesonide for ES prophylaxis.

Author List

Dhakal B, Thapa B, Dong H, Tarima S, Chhabra S, D'Souza A, Drobyski W, Abid M, Shah N, Fenske T, Longo W, Hari P, Hamadani M

Authors

Muhammad Bilal Abid MD Assistant Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Saurabh Chhabra MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Anita D'Souza MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Binod Dhakal MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
William R. Drobyski MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mehdi H. Hamadani MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Parameswaran Hari MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Nirav N. Shah MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Sergey S. Tarima PhD Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin