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Fatty acids may regulate aldosterone secretion and mediate some of insulin's effects on blood pressure. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 1993 Jan;48(1):43-50

Date

01/01/1993

Pubmed ID

8424122

DOI

10.1016/0952-3278(93)90008-k

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0027446420   25 Citations

Abstract

Experiments in vitro and observation made in humans suggest that some unesterified fatty acids (FA) participate, as inhibitors, in the regulation of aldosterone secretion. Removal of FA from adrenal glomerulosa cells with albumin increases the responses to angiotensin II (AII) and dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Micromolar concentrations of some FA including arachidonic, oleic, linoleic, eicosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic inhibit aldosterone secretion by adrenal glomerulosa cells. Inhibition is specific--some acids like stearic are inactive, and the adrenal fasciculata is relatively resistant to inhibition. Oleic acid rapidly and reversibly inhibits aldosterone secretion by perfused dog adrenals. Observations in vivo suggest a reciprocal relationship between plasma levels of FA and aldosterone: insulin infusion into dogs lowers plasma FA and increases adrenal responsiveness to All; salt infusions into humans increase plasma FA as aldosterone falls; plasma FA are low in low-renin essential hypertension where adrenal responsiveness to All is high; plasma FA are inversely correlated with ratios of aldosterone to renin in black hypertensives; and plasma FA are high in some seriously ill patients whose aldosterone levels are inexplicably low. All receptors and the final step of aldosterone biosynthesis, oxidation at the 18 position, are the adrenal sites most sensitive to FA. Insulin's antinatriuresis may be mediated in part by its ability to lower plasma FA and thereby enhance adrenal response to secretagogues.

Author List

Goodfriend TL, Ball DL, Elliott ME, Chabhi A, Duong T, Raff H, Schneider EG, Brown RD, Weinbergers MH

Author

Hershel Raff PhD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

African Continental Ancestry Group
Aldosterone
Angiotensin II
Animals
Blood Pressure
Cattle
Cohort Studies
Dogs
Fatty Acids
Glucose
Humans
Hypertension
Insulin
Models, Biological
Oleic Acid
Oleic Acids
Rats
Renin
Secretory Rate
Sodium Chloride
Zona Glomerulosa
jenkins-FCD Prod-484 8aa07fc50b7f6d102f3dda2f4c7056ff84294d1d