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Electrocardiogram as a Lyme Disease Screening Test. J Pediatr 2021 Nov;238:228-232.e1

Date

07/16/2021

Pubmed ID

34265339

DOI

10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.07.010

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85112505319 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   1 Citation

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between electrocardiographic (ECG) evidence of carditis at the time of Lyme disease evaluation and a diagnosis of Lyme disease.

STUDY DESIGN: We performed an 8-center prospective cohort study of children undergoing emergency department evaluation for Lyme disease limited to those who had an ECG obtained by their treating clinicians. The study cardiologist reviewed all ECGs flagged as abnormal by the study sites to assess for ECG evidence of carditis. We defined Lyme disease as the presence of an erythema migrans lesion or a positive 2-tier Lyme disease serology. We used logistic regression to measure the association between Lyme disease and atrioventricular (AV) block or any ECG evidence of carditis.

RESULTS: Of the 546 children who had an ECG obtained, 214 (39%) had Lyme disease. Overall, 42 children had ECG evidence of carditis, of whom 24 had AV block (20 first-degree). Of the patients with ECG evidence of carditis, only 21 (50%) had any cardiac symptoms. The presence of AV block (OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.8-12.1) and any ECG evidence of carditis (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.2-4.3) were both associated with diagnosis of Lyme disease.

CONCLUSIONS: ECG evidence of carditis, especially AV block, was associated with a diagnosis of Lyme disease. ECG evidence of carditis can be used as a diagnostic biomarker for Lyme disease to guide initial management while awaiting Lyme disease test results.

Author List

Neville DN, Alexander ME, Bennett JE, Balamuth F, Garro A, Levas MN, Thompson AD, Kharbanda AB, Lewander DP, Dart AH, Nigrovic LE, for Pedi Lyme Net

Author

Michael Levas MD Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Atrioventricular Block
Child
Diagnosis, Differential
Electrocardiography
Emergency Service, Hospital
Female
Humans
Lyme Disease
Male
Myocarditis
Prospective Studies