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Native LDL increases endothelial cell adhesiveness by inducing intercellular adhesion molecule-1. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 1996 Apr;16(4):585-90



Pubmed ID





Native LDL (n-LDL) increased human umbilical vein endothelial cell (EC) adherence of mononuclear cells. Such phenotypic changes suggest that n-LDL alters the usual expression of cell adhesion molecules to enhance the adhesive properties of the endothelium. To investigate n-LDL mechanisms governing adherence, ECs were exposed to n-LDL in concentrations up to 240 mg/dL for 2 and 4 days. n-LDL-treated ECs bound nearly threefold more phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-stimulated U937 cells than control ECs but did not bind unstimulated U937 cells. Anti-cellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) antibodies blocked PMA-stimulated U937 cell binding to control and n-LDL-treated ECs by more than 80%, suggesting that increases in ICAM-1 may be involved in this increased adherence. Although increases in PMA-stimulated U937 cell binding developed with respect to time and concentration, statistically significant increases were achieved only when n-LDL concentrations exceeded 180 mg cholesterol/dL at day 4. n-LDL increased endothelial adherence of freshly isolated human monocytes more than twofold and neutrophils by almost twofold. Fluorescent-linked immunoassays revealed that n-LDL increased ICAM-1 protein expression by twofold, which corresponded with increased ICAM-1 message levels. n-LDL also appeared to increase E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 message levels, but these changes did not translate into statistically significant differences in protein levels. Taken together, these data indicate that n-LDL increases ICAM-1 expression to enhance the adhesive properties of the endothelium. Such perturbations in EC function likely represent a proinflammatory response to protracted n-LDL exposure and one of the early steps in atherogenesis.

Author List

Smalley DM, Lin JH, Curtis ML, Kobari Y, Stemerman MB, Pritchard KA Jr


Kirkwood A. Pritchard PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Base Sequence
Cell Adhesion
Cells, Cultured
Endothelium, Vascular
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Lipoproteins, LDL
Molecular Probes
Molecular Sequence Data
RNA, Messenger
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a