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Macrophage 12(S)-HETE Enhances Angiotensin II-Induced Contraction by a BLT2 (Leukotriene B4 Type-2 Receptor) and TP (Thromboxane Receptor)-Mediated Mechanism in Murine Arteries. Hypertension 2022 Jan;79(1):104-114



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Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85120936681 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   4 Citations


12/15-LO (12/15-lipoxygenase), encoded by Alox15 gene, metabolizes arachidonic acid to 12(S)-HETE (12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid). Macrophages are the major source of 12/15-LO among immune cells, and 12/15-LO plays a crucial role in development of hypertension. Global Alox15- or macrophage-deficient mice are resistant to Ang II (angiotensin II)-induced hypertension. This study tests the hypothesis that macrophage 12(S)-HETE contributes to Ang II-mediated arterial constriction and thus to development of Ang II-induced hypertension. Ang II constricted isolated abdominal aortic and mesenteric arterial rings. 12(S)-HETE (100 nmol/L) alone was without effect; however, it significantly enhanced Ang II-induced constriction. The presence of wild-type macrophages also enhanced the Ang II-induced constriction, while Alox15-/- macrophages did not. Using this model, pretreatment of aortic rings with inhibitors, receptor agonists/antagonists, or removal of the endothelium, systematically uncovered an endothelium-mediated, Ang II receptor-2-mediated and superoxide-mediated enhancing effect of 12(S)-HETE on Ang II constrictions. The role of superoxide was confirmed using aortas from p47phox-/- mice where 12(S)-HETE failed to enhance constriction to Ang II. In cultured arterial endothelial cells, 12(S)-HETE increased the production of superoxide, and 12(S)-HETE or Ang II increased the production of an isothromboxane-like metabolite. A TP (thromboxane receptor) antagonist inhibited 12(S)-HETE enhancement of Ang II constriction. Both Ang II-induced hypertension and the enhancing effect of 12(S)-HETE on Ang II contractions were eliminated by a BLT2 (leukotriene B4 receptor-2) antagonist. These results outline a mechanism where the macrophage 12/15-LO pathway enhances the action of Ang II. 12(S)-HETE, acting on the BLT2, contributes to the hypertensive action of Ang II in part by promoting endothelial synthesis of a superoxide-derived TP agonist.

Author List

Kriska T, Herrnreiter A, Pfister SL, Adebesin A, Falck JR, Campbell WB


William B. Campbell PhD Professor in the Pharmacology and Toxicology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Sandra L. Pfister PhD Professor in the Pharmacology and Toxicology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

12-Hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic Acid
Angiotensin II
Arachidonate 12-Lipoxygenase
Arachidonate 15-Lipoxygenase
Endothelial Cells
Endothelium, Vascular
Mesenteric Arteries
Mice, Knockout
Receptors, Leukotriene B4
Receptors, Thromboxane