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Repeated blast mild traumatic brain injury and oxycodone self-administration produce interactive effects on neuroimaging outcomes. Addict Biol 2022 03;27(2):e13134

Date

03/02/2022

Pubmed ID

35229952

Pubmed Central ID

PMC8896287

DOI

10.1111/adb.13134

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85125380733

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and drug addiction are common comorbidities, but it is unknown if the neurological sequelae of TBI contribute to this relationship. We have previously reported elevated oxycodone seeking after drug self-administration in rats that received repeated blast TBI (rbTBI). TBI and exposure to drugs of abuse can each change structural and functional neuroimaging outcomes, but it is unknown if there are interactive effects of injury and drug exposure. To determine the effects of TBI and oxycodone exposure, we subjected rats to rbTBI and oxycodone self-administration and measured drug seeking and several neuroimaging measures. We found interactive effects of rbTBI and oxycodone on fractional anisotropy (FA) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and that FA in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) was correlated with drug seeking. We also found an interactive effect of injury and drug on widespread functional connectivity and regional homogeneity of the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) response, and that intra-hemispheric functional connectivity in the infralimbic medial prefrontal cortex positively correlated with drug seeking. In conclusion, rbTBI and oxycodone self-administration had interactive effects on structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures, and correlational effects were found between some of these measures and drug seeking. These data support the hypothesis that TBI and opioid exposure produce neuroadaptations that contribute to addiction liability.

Author List

Muelbl MJ, Glaeser BL, Shah AS, Chiariello RA, Nawarawong NN, Stemper BD, Budde MD, Olsen CM

Authors

Matthew Budde PhD Associate Professor in the Neurosurgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Brian Stemper PhD Professor in the Biomedical Engineering department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Brain Concussion
Drug-Seeking Behavior
Neuroimaging
Oxycodone
Rats
Self Administration