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Willingness to perform euthanasia. A survey of physician attitudes. Arch Intern Med 1994 Mar 14;154(5):575-84

Date

03/14/1994

Pubmed ID

8122951

DOI

10.1001/archinte.154.5.575

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0028196776   77 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the United States, few studies have examined important variables in physician attitudes toward the practice of euthanasia, such as the patient's underlying disease, mental capacity, and age, and the physician's specialty and religion. We administered a case-based survey to analyze the impact of such specific variables on physician attitudes toward the practice.

METHODS: A four-section survey solicited (1) physician responses to three hypothetical cases in which patients requested euthanasia; (2) physicians' general opinions about euthanasia and how its legalization might affect them personally and professionally; and (3) demographic information. Analysis focused on physicians' characteristics as they related to their responses to the various aspects of euthanasia elicited in the survey. Univariate and multivariate analyses, using logistic regression, were performed.

RESULTS: Completed and analyzable surveys were returned by 740 physicians. We found that physicians felt more comfortable with euthanasia requests from nondecisional, nonterminal patients who had left advance directives than they did with requests from decisional patients suffering from grave illnesses or injuries, or from decisional patients who had early signs of a progressive but nonlethal neurologic disease. We also found that physicians' specialties and religions correlated with their responses to the hypothetical cases and with their generalized attitudes toward euthanasia.

CONCLUSIONS: Given the disparity in responding physicians' attitudes toward euthanasia, along with the fact that values based on religious affiliation or profession may underlie many physicians' opposition to the practice, we conclude that if euthanasia is to be legalized, safeguards protective of patients and physicians must be incorporated.

Author List

Shapiro RS, Derse AR, Gottlieb M, Schiedermayer D, Olson M

Author

Arthur R. Derse MD, JD Director, Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Attitude of Health Personnel
Euthanasia
Euthanasia, Active
Euthanasia, Active, Voluntary
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Physicians
Surveys and Questionnaires
Wisconsin