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Effects of elevation of ANP and its deficiency on cardiorenal function. JCI Insight 2022 May 09;7(9)



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Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85129984120 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   5 Citations


Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), encoded by Nppa, is a vasodilatory hormone that promotes salt excretion. Genome-wide association studies identified Nppa as a causative factor of blood pressure development, and in humans, ANP levels were suggested as an indicator of salt sensitivity. This study aimed to provide insights into the effects of ANP on cardiorenal function in salt-sensitive hypertension. To address this question, hypertension was induced in SSNPPA-/- (KO of Nppa in the Dahl salt-sensitive [SS] rat background) or SSWT (WT Dahl SS) rats by a high-salt (HS) diet challenge (4% NaCl for 21 days). Chronic infusion of ANP in SSWT rats attenuated the increase in blood pressure and cardiorenal damage. Overall, the SSNPPA-/- strain demonstrated higher blood pressure and intensified cardiac fibrosis (with no changes in ejection fraction) compared with SSWT rats. Furthermore, SSNPPA-/- rats exhibited kidney hypertrophy and higher glomerular injury scores, reduced diuresis, and lower sodium and chloride excretion than SSWT when fed a HS diet. Additionally, the activity of epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) was found to be increased in the collecting ducts of the SSNPPA-/- rats. Taken together, these data show promise for the therapeutic benefits of ANP and ANP-increasing drugs for treating salt-sensitive hypertension.

Author List

Ilatovskaya DV, Levchenko V, Winsor K, Blass GR, Spires DR, Sarsenova E, Polina I, Zietara A, Paterson M, Kriegel AJ, Staruschenko A


Alison J. Kriegel PhD Associate Professor in the Physiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Atrial Natriuretic Factor
Blood Pressure
Genome-Wide Association Study
Rats, Inbred Dahl
Sodium Chloride, Dietary