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The Impact of Pre-Apheresis Health Related Quality of Life on Peripheral Blood Progenitor Cell Yield and Donor's Health and Outcome: Secondary Analysis of Patient-Reported Outcome Data from the RDSafe and BMT CTN 0201 Clinical Trials. Transplant Cell Ther 2022 Sep;28(9):603.e1-603.e7

Date

06/11/2022

Pubmed ID

35688325

Pubmed Central ID

PMC9427696

DOI

10.1016/j.jtct.2022.05.042

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85134804662 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   2 Citations

Abstract

There is a lack of evidence about how health-related quality of life (HRQoL), including psychosocial factors, might affect donation-related experiences and clinical markers in the context of hematopoietic stem cell donation. The broader literature suggests that psychological factors, including anxiety and depression, are associated with higher levels of inflammatory burden leading to poorer postprocedural outcomes including longer hospital stays and increased pain perception. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether predonation HRQoL markers predict toxicity profile and stem cell yield after peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donation in healthy donors. The study population comprised adult granulocyte colony-stimulating factor mobilized PBSC-related donors (RD) (n = 157) and unrelated donors (URD) (n = 179) enrolled in the related donor safety study (RDSafe) and Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) 0201 clinical trials. Pre-donation HRQoL was assessed using the Short-Form-12 (SF-12) in RDSafe and SF-8 questionnaire in BMT CTN 0201 (higher score is better). The aims of this study were to (a) determine the impact of pre-donation HRQoL on peri-collection pain and acute toxicities experienced and (b) to investigate the pre-procedural HRQoL indicators on stem cells yield. URDs were younger than RDs (median age 35 versus 63). A higher proportion of RDs were female (50% versus 40%) and obese (41% versus 35%). A higher proportion of RD PBSC donations required 2 days or more of apheresis (44% versus 21%). More RD collections were lower volume procedures (<18L, 16% versus 28%), and required a central line (28% versus 11%). RDs were more likely to report pre-donation grade 1-2 pain (27% versus 8%) and other toxicities (16% versus 6%). Among RDs, a lower pre-donation physical component summary (PCS) score was associated with significantly more grade 2-4 pain at 1 month (P = .004) and at 1-year after donation (P = .0099) in univariable analyses. In multivariable analysis, pre-donation PCS remained significantly associated with grade 2-4 pain 1 month after donation (P = .0098). More specifically, RDs with predonation PCS scores in the highest quartile were less likely to report pain compared with donors with PCS scores in the lowest quartile (odds ratio 0.1; 95% confidence interval 0.01-0.83; P = .005). There was also a trend toward higher grade 2-4 pain at 1-year post-donation among RDs with lower predonation PCS score (P = .018). Among URDs, neither PCS nor mental component summary (MCS) scores were associated with pain or toxicities at any time point after donation based on the univariable analysis. Because of low rates of postdonation grade 2-4 pain and toxicities, multivariable analysis was not performed in the URD setting. Moreover, there was no correlation between preapheresis HRQoL score (PCS or MCS) and PBSC collection yield in either the RD or URD setting. Our study demonstrates that pre-donation HRQoL scores are significantly associated with the toxicity profile after PBSC donation in the RD setting, with adult RDs with lower predonation physical HRQoL experiencing higher levels of pain at 1 month and persisting up to 12 months after a PBSC collection procedure. There were no such associations found in URD. Our findings can help clinicians identify donors at higher risk of pain with donation, and lead to personalized information and interventions for specific donors. Lack of correlation between predonation HRQoL and stem cell yield may be due to a small sample size and warrants further evaluation.

Author List

Farhadfar N, Ahn KW, Bo-Subait S, Logan B, Stefanski HE, Hsu JW, Panch S, Confer D, Liu H, Badawy SM, Beitinjaneh A, Diaz MA, Hildebrandt GC, Kelkar AH, Lazarus HM, Murthy HS, Preussler JM, Schears RM, Sharma A, van der Poel M, Bruce JG, Pulsipher MA, Shaw BE, Wingard JR, Switzer GE

Authors

Kwang Woo Ahn PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Brent R. Logan PhD Director, Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Bronwen E. Shaw MBChB, PhD Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Blood Component Removal
Bone Marrow
Diterpenes
Female
Humans
Male
Pain
Patient Reported Outcome Measures
Peripheral Blood Stem Cells
Quality of Life
Unrelated Donors