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Contraception utilization in women with pregestational diabetes Walker SL, Anguzu R, Egede LE, Palatnik A. Contraception utilization in women with pregestational diabetes. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care. 2022:1-5.




OBJECTIVE To compare contraception use between women with and without pregestational diabetes.

METHODS Cross-sectional data on women aged 18–44 years from 2011 to 2017 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) was analysed. Maternal diabetes was defined as the presence of pre-gestational type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were run to evaluate the association between the use of contraception and by contraception type: permanent, long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), other hormonal method, other non-hormonal method, and none, and maternal diabetes status, controlling for relevant covariates.

RESULTS Among the total study sample of 28,454, 1344 (4.7%) had pregestational diabetes. Unadjusted analysis showed women with a history of pregestational diabetes were more likely to use permanent contraception following pregnancy (58.0% vs. 38.7%, p < 0.001) or no contraception (27.2% vs. 24.5%, p < 0.001), but less likely to use LARC (3.4% vs. 11.7%, p < 0.001), other hormonal contraception (4.1% vs. 8.9%, p < 0.001), or other non-hormonal contraception (7.2% vs. 16.4%, p < 0.001). In adjusted analyses, permanent (aOR 1.62, 95% CI 0.72–2.26) remained significant, however the differences were no longer statistically significant: LARC (aOR 0.34, 95% CI 0.12–1.00); other hormonal (aOR 0.61, 95% CI 0.27–1.35); other non-hormonal (aOR 0.59, 95% CI 0.25–1.43); and None (aOR 1.11, 95% CI 0.65–1.89).

CONCLUSION In this analysis, we found that women with pregestational diabetes were more likely to use permanent contraception methods compared to women without pregestational diabetes; however over a quarter of women with pregestational diabetes did not use contraception between pregnancies.

Author List

Shannon L. Walker, Ronald Anguzu, Leonard E. Egede, and Anna Palatnik


Ronald Anguzu MD, PhD Assistant Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin

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