Medical College of Wisconsin
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Telomeric fusion and chromosome instability in multiple tissues of a patient with mosaic Ullrich-Turner syndrome. Am J Med Genet 1997 Apr 14;69(4):383-7



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0030904546 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   11 Citations


We describe the cytogenetic evolution of multiple cell lines in the gonadal tissue of a 10-year-old girl with mosaic Ullrich-Turner syndrome (UTS) involving clonal telomeric associations (tas) of the Y chromosome. G-band analysis of all tissues showed at least 2 cell lines; 45, X and 46,X,tas(Y;21)(q12;p13). However, analysis of left gonadal tissue of this patient showed the evolution of 2 additional cell lines, one designated 45,X,tas(Y;21)(q12;p13),-22 and the other 46,X,tas(Y;21)(q12;p13),+tas(Y;14)(q12;p13), -22. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of interphase nuclei from uncultured gonadal tissue confirmed the findings of aneuploidy in the left gonadal tissue and extended the findings of aneuploidy to the tissue of the right gonad. The chromosome findings in the gonadal tissue of this patient suggest a preneoplastic karyotype relating to several distinct tumor associations. The clonal evolution of telomeric fusions indicates chromosomes instability and suggests the extra copy of the Y chromosome may have resulted from a fusion-related malsegregation. In addition, the extra Y suggests low-level amplification of a putative gonadoblastoma gene, while the loss of chromosome 22 suggests the loss of heterozygosity for genes on chromosome 22. This case demonstrates the utility of the study of gonadal tissue in 45,X/46XY UTS patients, and provides evidence that clonal telomeric fusions may, in rare cases, be associated with chromosome malsegregation and with the subsequent evolution of unstable karyotypes.

Author List

Sawyer JR, Swanson CM, Lukacs JL, Hassed SJ, Curtis MA, North PE, Kozlowski KJ, Pihoker C


Paula E. North MD, PhD Professor in the Pathology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Sex Chromosome Aberrations
Turner Syndrome