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Implementation of a standardized multimodal pain regimen significantly reduces postoperative inpatient opioid utilization in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Surg Endosc 2022 Aug 04

Date

08/05/2022

Pubmed ID

35927346

DOI

10.1007/s00464-022-09482-6

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85135574000

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Routine opioid use in surgical patients has received attention given the opioid epidemic and a renewed focus on the dangers and drawbacks of opioids in the postoperative setting. Little is known about opioid use in bariatric surgery, especially in the inpatient setting. We hypothesize that a standardized opioid-sparing protocol reduces postoperative inpatient opioid use in bariatric surgery patients.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of bariatric surgery patients at a single institution. From March to September 2019, a standardized intraoperative and postoperative opioid-sparing protocol was designed and implemented along with an educational program for patients regarding safe pain management. Inpatient opioid utilization in patients undergoing surgery in the preintervention phase between April and March 2019 was compared to patients from a postintervention phase of October 2019 to December 2020. Opioid utilization was measured in morphine milliequivalents (MME).

RESULTS: A total of 359 patients were included; 192 preintervention and 167 postintervention. Patients were similar demographically. For all patients, mean age was 44.1A years, mean BMI 49.2A kg/m2, and 80% were female. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy was performed in 48%, laparoscopic gastric bypass in 34%, robotic sleeve gastrectomy in 17%, and robotic gastric bypass in 1%. In the postintervention phase inpatient opioid utilization was significantly lower [median 134.8 [79.0-240.8] MME preintervention vs. 61.5 [35.5-150.0] MME postintervention (pa??<a??0.001)]. MME prescribed at discharge decreased from a median of 300 MME preintervention to 75 MME postintervention (pa??<a??0.001). In the postintervention phase, 16% of patients did not receive an opioid prescription at discharge compared to 0% preintervention (pa??<a??0.001). When examining by procedure, statistically significant reductions in opioid utilization were seen for each operation.

CONCLUSION: Implementation of a standardized intraoperative and postoperative multimodal pain regimen and educational program significantly reduces inpatient opioid utilization in patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

Author List

Tan WH, Ford J, Kindel T, Higgins RM, Lak K, Gould JC

Authors

Rana Higgins MD Associate Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Tammy Lyn Kindel MD, PhD Associate Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Kathleen L. Lak MD Assistant Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin