Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Low- and high-frequency insulin secretion pulses in normal subjects and pancreas transplant recipients: role of extrinsic innervation. J Clin Invest 1992 Aug;90(2):545-53

Date

08/01/1992

Pubmed ID

1644923

Pubmed Central ID

PMC443133

DOI

10.1172/JCI115893

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0026757643   35 Citations

Abstract

Low-frequency ultradian and high-frequency insulin secretion pulses were studied in normal subjects and in metabolically stable pancreas transplant recipients. Insulin secretion pulsatility was evaluated after deconvoluting the pulsatile plasma C peptide concentrations with its kinetic coefficients. In normal subjects, ultradian insulin secretion pulses with periodicities of 75-115 min were consistently observed during the 24-h secretory cycle. Pulse period and relative amplitude during the overnight rest (95 +/- 4 min and 27.6 +/- 2.4%) were similar to those during the steady state of continuous enteral feeding (93 +/- 5 min and 32.6 +/- 3.3%). Sampling at 2-min intervals revealed the presence of high-frequency insulin secretion pulses with periodicities of 14-20 min and an average amplitude of 46.6 +/- 5.4%. Pancreas transplant recipients had normal fasting and fed insulin secretion rates. Both low- and high-frequency insulin secretion pulses were present. The high-frequency pulse characteristics were identical to normal. Low-frequency ultradian pulse periodicity was normal but pulse amplitude was increased. Thus, ultradian insulin secretory pulsatility is a consistent feature in normal subjects. The low- and high-frequency secretion pulsatilities are generated independent of extrinsic innervation. Autonomic innervation might modulate low-frequency ultradian pulse amplitude exerting a dampening effect.

Author List

Sonnenberg GE, Hoffmann RG, Johnson CP, Kissebah AH

Author

Christopher P. Johnson MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Blood Glucose
C-Peptide
Circadian Rhythm
Female
Humans
Insulin
Male
Pancreas Transplantation
Periodicity
Secretory Rate
jenkins-FCD Prod-478 d1509cf07a111124a2d122fd3df854cc0b993c00