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Mesoscale Simulation-Based Parametric Study of Damage Potential in Brain Tissue Using Hyperelastic and Internal State Variable Models. J Biomech Eng 2022 Jul 01;144(7)



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85123754661   1 Citation


Two-dimensional mesoscale finite element analysis (FEA) of a multilayered brain tissue was performed to calculate the damage-related average stress triaxiality and local maximum von Mises strain in the brain. The FEA was integrated with rate-dependent hyperelastic and internal state variable (ISV) models, respectively, describing the behaviors of wet and dry brain tissues. Using the finite element results, a statistical method of design of experiments (DOE) was utilized to independently screen the relative influences of seven parameters related to brain morphology (sulcal width/depth, gray matter (GM) thickness, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) thickness and brain lobe) and loading/environment conditions (strain rate and humidity) with respect to the potential damage growth/coalescence in the brain tissue. The results of the parametric study illustrated that the GM thickness and humidity were the two most crucial parameters affecting average stress triaxiality. For the local maximum von Mises strain at the depth of brain sulci, the brain lobe/region was the most influential factor. The conclusion of this investigation gives insight for the future development and refinement of a macroscale brain damage model incorporating information from lower length scale.

Author List

He G, Fan L, Liu Y


Lei Fan PhD Assistant Professor in the MU-MCW Department of Biomedical Engineering department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Biomechanical Phenomena
Computer Simulation
Finite Element Analysis
Stress, Mechanical