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Three-Year Outcomes in Recipients of Mismatched Unrelated Bone Marrow Donor Transplants Using Post-Transplantation Cyclophosphamide: Follow-Up from a National Marrow Donor Program-Sponsored Prospective Clinical Trial. Transplant Cell Ther 2023 Mar;29(3):208.e1-208.e6



Pubmed ID


Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85146784394 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   2 Citations


The use of post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis has resulted in reductions in GVHD and improved outcomes in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) using HLA-mismatched related donors. We report the 3-year outcomes of the first multicenter prospective clinical trial using PTCy in the setting of mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD) bone marrow HCT. The study enrolled 80 patients, treated with either myeloablative conditioning (MAC; n = 40) or reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC; n = 40), with the primary endpoint of 1-year overall survival (OS). The median follow-up for this study was 34 months (range, 12 to 46 months) in the RIC group and 36 months (range, 18 to 49 months) in the MAC group. Three-year OS and nonrelapse mortality were 70% and 15%, respectively, in the RIC group and 62% and 10% in the MAC group. No GVHD was reported after 1 year. The incidence of relapse was 29% in the RIC group and 51% in the MAC group. OS did not differ based on HLA match grade (63% in the 7/8 strata and 71% in the 4 to 6/8 strata). These encouraging outcomes, which were sustained for 3 years post-HCT, support the continued exploration of MMUD HCT using a PTCy platform. Important future areas to address include relapse reduction and furthering our understanding of optimal donor selection based on HLA and non-HLA factors.

Author List

Shaw BE, Jimenez-Jimenez AM, Burns LJ, Logan BR, Khimani F, Shaffer BC, Shah NN, Mussetter A, Tang XY, McCarty JM, Alavi A, Farhadfar N, Jamieson K, Hardy NM, Choe H, Ambinder RF, Anasetti C, Perales MA, Spellman SR, Howard A, Komanduri KV, Luznik L, Norkin M, Pidala JA, Ratanatharathorn V, Confer DL, Devine SM, Horowitz MM, Bolaños-Meade J


Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Brent R. Logan PhD Director, Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Nirav N. Shah MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Bronwen E. Shaw MBChB, PhD Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Bone Marrow
Follow-Up Studies
Graft vs Host Disease
Prospective Studies
Unrelated Donors